The following are the major sources for the concepts expressed here.
Very few of them have been quoted verbatim, but when they have, they have normally been enclosed within quotation marks. (References in general are to the first page of the article only.)
QST: 1923 Jl p52; 1925 Mr p45; 1929 De pI, 1933 Fe p76, No p39 -- 1935 My p68 -- 1937 Au p7, No p26 -- 1939 Ap 6 -- 1940 Oc p9, 73, De p90 -- 1941 Ja p45, Fe p48, Jn p66, Jl p44, Au p51, Se p35, Oc p44 1942 My p66, Se p23 (Au p40, Oc p28 -- 1943 Ja p17, Fe p13, Ap p13, My p14, Jn p40, p50, Jl p9, Au-p9 -- These items concern military schools) -- 1944(?) Ja p34, Mr p19, Oc p30 -- 1949 Oc p100 -- 1951 Fe p54; 1952 Ja p49 -- 1972 My p101, Au p58 -- 1975 Au p100-- 1976 Se p53 -- 1978 Jn p48 -- 1979 Jn p51, Au p58 -- 1982 De p55 -- 1983 Ja p76, p77Au p45, Oc p30; 1985, Au p49; -- 1989 Ja p9 -- 1991 Oc p60, p66; 1992 Mr p 51
Ham Radio: 1988 Ja p10, p35, p36
73 Magazine: 1971 De p83; 1972 Fe p , Jl p120; 1978 Ja p8 CQ: 1959 Fe p63; 1963 Ja p47; 1970 De p35; 1972 Mr p45; 1973 Mr p28; 1987 Oc p106; De p56
Worldradio 1987 No p24; 1989 Fe p7,42; 1991 Au p56
"BREAK-IN" Official Journal of the NZART, "Morseman" column (by Gary Bold), various issues.
Radio 1935: How Telegraph Operators are Made, 3 parts -- McElroy Ja, Fe, My (Related article in Radio News No 1939)
KEY NOTE CW Fists Club - various issues.
Dots and Dashes, (Morse Telegraph Society) various issues.
LEARNING THE RADIOTELEGRAPH CODE. John Huntoon, ARRL 1942
YOUR INTRODUCTION TO MORSE CODE ARRL 19 ARRL National Educational Workshop: #1, #2, #3
"Conquer the Code with Rhythm", article, source unknown pp. 17-21
OLD WIRES AND NEW WAVES, Alvin Harlow 1936.
Army Technical Manual TM-11-459, TO 31-3-16
Sparks Journal, various issues
Morsum Magnificat, English Edition, various issues
RADIO HANDBOOK, Bill Orr 21st Ed.
RADIO SIMPLIFIED - What It Is - How To Build and Operate The Aparatus, by Lewis F Kendall and Robert P. Koehler, John C WindstonCo. 1922
PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW Vol. IV (1897) p27-53, Vol. VI (1899) p345-375.
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY XXXIII (1943) "The Relative Difficulty of Morse Code Alphabet Characters Learned by the Whole Method" S.D. S. Spragg p108-114.
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY 1943 "New Method of Teaching Code Reception at Columbia U. p407-415; "Errors Made in Telegraphy" p504-509; 1944 "Errors, History p254-266; 1945 "Second Level Training in Reception" p161-3; 1946 "Effect of Phonetic Equivalents" p265-270.
MEMORY: SURPRISING NEW INSIGHTS INTO HOW WE REMEMBER AND WHY WE FORGET - Elizabeth Loftus, 1980 Zeitschrift fr angewandte Psychologie und Charakterkunde. Feb. 1936, pp. 1 - 70, Ludwig Koch "Arbeitspsychologische Untersuchung der Ttigkeit...fr Funker"
THE CANDLER SYSTEM, Junior Course. Walter Candler 1939 edition.
BOOK OF FACTS ABOUT THE CANDLER SYSTEM. 1939 ed.
THE AMERICAN TELEGRAPHER - A Social History 1860- 1900. Edwin Gabler 1988. BRASS POUNDERS Young Telegraphers of the Civil War. Alvin F. Harlow 1962.
THE MILITARY TELEGRAPH DURING THE CIVIL WAR, 2 vol. William R. Plum. 1882.
PEAK PERFORMANCE. David R. Krauss. 1984
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SKILL. William Frederick Book.
YOUR FIRST YEAR OF TEACHING SHORTHAND AND TRANSCRIPTION. Marion M. Lamb.
GESCHICHTE DER TELEGRAPHIE, Th. Karasss, Brauschweig. 1909 p.347-350
GESCHICHTE DER NACHRICHTENTECHNIK, V. Aschoff. Band 2 p. 198-208
THE STORY OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS by George P. Oslin, 1992 Mercer University Press. Chapter 2.
THE AMERICAN LEONARDO, Carlton Mabee 1943, New York
SAMUEL F. B. MORSE, LETTERS AND JOURNALS
STUDENTS' MANUAL for the Practical Instruction of Learners of Telegraphy, J. H. Bunnell & Co. 1884, reprint by L. A. Bailey
THE EDISON ALBUM, Lawrence A. Frost 1969, Seattle
CYCLOPEDIA OF TELEPHONY AND TELEGRAPHY Vol. IV American ATechnical Society, 1911 & 1919
Personal Correspondence from: R. J. Miller, Teleplex Co. 22 Oc. 1942 Raymond K. White, Dodge Telegraph School L. R. McDonald, high speed contestant Ivan S. Coggeshall, Western Union, contests and misc. John F. Rhilinger, KC1MI, high speed code Donald K. deNeuf, WA1SPM, various aspects old and new George Hart, W1NJM, high speed code Tony Smith, G4FAI, general and historical L. A. Bailey, American Morse operator William K. Dunbar, K9IMV, AD9E, American Morse operator Verle D. Francis, W0SZF, American Morse operator Charles Bender, W1WPR, former chief operator W1AW ARRL Station Cecil Langdoc, Elkhart, IN, American Morse tapes James S. Farrior, W4FOK, computer programs both codes, Warren L. Hart, AA5YI, general Steven D. Katz WB2WIK, general Tom Perera K2DCY, general Louise Moreau, W3WRE, general Loraine McCarthy, N6CIO, general Carl Chaplain, W7QO, general Gary E. J. Bold, ZL1AN, and probably several others.
Personal discussions with a number of CW operators: George Marshall, amateur 9AER, 9CX, commercial first class from 1915-6, and Navy to about 1945; Quido Schultise, amateur 9NX and commercial from 1919, K6TK, K5OJ; Alvin B. Unruh, 9BIO from 1923, (W)9AWP, commercial, and W0AWP; and others later, including Clarence Wallace (W)9ABJ, my brother P. Kenneth Pierpont, KF4OW volunteer instructor; all of whom contributed something of value (including some materials). Since these materials have been assembled over a period beginning about 1930, some few sources may have been misplaced or lost.
With the Psalmist
we may well say: "I will praise Thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully
made. Marvelous are Thy works, and that my soul knoweth right
Modifications and compile by Thom LaCosta - K3HRN - December 2004